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Town of Montville records

Identifier: RG062_086

Scope and Content

The records relating to the Mohegan Tribe consist primarily of copies of arguments, depositions, primary sources related to the history of the Mohegans, and a variety of secondary source materials in favor of and in opposition to federal acknowledgment. The records are generally arranged in chronological order and document the arduous struggle by the Mohegan to secure recognition through the process overseen by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The Mohegans are the only Connecticut tribal entity to have successfully navigated the standard acknowledgment process.

The materials gathered by opposing parties in federal acknowledgment are significant not only for the massive documentation they provide on the recognition process, but also for the detail they include on the history of the Mohegan Tribe, both from primary and secondary sources. Often the same documents were used by differing parties in an attempt to demonstrate opposite conclusions.

The depositions of eighteen men and women taken between 1980 and 1983 provide a particularly revealing glimpse of identity at the beginnings of the modern struggle by the tribe to secure federal acknowledgment. Also of interest are lists of persons claiming to be Mohegan (Box 1, folder 15), Mohegan Tribe membership in 1993 (Box 4, folder 23), a family scroll of descendants of Joshua Occum (Box 2, folder 23), and Fielding family genealogy (Box 2, folder 25). The largest single quantity of records, however, consists of exhibits, e.g., copies of primary and secondary sources used by the parties to try to prove their cases.

The first document in the collection is a 1976 petition to Governor Ella Grasso from Wounded Wolf (Rowland Bishop), Chairman and the last is a copy of an August 1, 1994 written statement of Wayne D. Scott, Mayor of Montville to the U.S. Senate's Committee on Indian Affairs concerning Mohegan land claims.

These records from the Town of Montville provide invaluable documentation to researchers interested in the history of the Mohegans. The records also include materials on the unsuccessful attempt by the Golden Hill Paugussetts of southwestern Connecticut to gain federal recognition, see Boxes 5-6. included is one folder of materials related to the Schaghticoke Indians (Box 2, folder 16).

For those with a more general interest in Native Americans in the state or in other tribal entities, these papers provide valuable leads to the locations of such materials.


  • 1891-1994

Language of Materials

The records are in English.

Restrictions on Access

These records are stored at an off-site facility and therefore may not be available on a same-day basis.

See the Rules and Procedures for Researchers Using Archival Records and Secured Collections policy.

Historical Note

The town of Montville was incorporated on October 12, 1786 and was taken from New London.


15.25 cubic feet


Tax records and records created by the Mohegan Tribe and the State of Connecticut, opposing sides in the movement for federal acknowledgment.

Acquisition Information

Series 2. Mohegan Tribe: The records were created by the Mohegan Tribe and the State of Connecticut, opposing sides in the movement for federal acknowledgment. These materials were collected by the Town of Montville from the Bureau of Indian Affairs and transferred to the Connecticut State Archives in 2006.

Related Material

The Connecticut State Archives holds voluminous documentation concerning Indian entities found in such places as the RG 001, Connecticut Archives, Indian Affairs, Series 1 and 2; RG 003, New London County court records, Papers by Subject: Indians; plus materials in RG 005, Office of the Governor; and RG 079, Department of Environmental Protection, to cite some of the most obvious sources.

Montville, Records of Town of
Inventory of Records
Finding aid prepared by Bruce P Stark.
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script

Repository Details

Part of the Connecticut State Library Repository